Maximus of Tyre
Life and teaching of Maximus of Tyre
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Maximus of Tyre : Biography

After the manner of the sophists of his age, he travelled extensively, delivering lectures on the way. His writings contain many allusions to the history of Greece, while there is little reference to Rome; hence it is inferred that he lived longer in Greece, perhaps as a professor at Athens. Although nominally a Platonist, he is really an Eclectic and one of the precursors of Neoplatonism. There are still extant by him forty-one essays or discourses on theological, ethical, and other philosophical commonplaces. With him God is the supreme being, one and indivisible though called by many names, accessible to reason alone; but as animals form the intermediate stage between plants and human beings, so there exist intermediaries between God and man, viz. daemons, who dwell on the confines of heaven and earth. The soul in many ways bears a great resemblance to the divinity; it is partly mortal, partly immortal, and, when freed from the fetters of the body, becomes a daemon. Life is the sleep of the soul, from which it awakes at death. The style of Maximus is superior to that of the ordinary sophistical rhetorician, but scholars differ widely as to the merits of the essays themselves.



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Aristotle, Arthur Schopenhauer, Baruch Spinoza, Blaise Pascal, Cicero, Descartes, Emmanuel Kant, Empedocles, Epictetus, Épicurus, Frederic Nietzsche, Henri Bergson, Henry More, Heraclitus, Iamblichus, Lucrèce, Marcus Aurelius, Maximus of Tyre, Nicolas Malebranche, Ovide, Plato, Plotinus, Plutarch, Pythagore, Sartre, Seneca, etc.



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