Lu Hsiang Shan
Confucianism, Neo Confucianism
Complete Work of Lu Hsiang-shan (Hsiang-shan ch’uan-chi), 22:5a, in Wing-Tsit Chan, Chinese Philosophy, Chapter 33
This is Lu's philosophy in a word. Chu Hsi is correct in saying that all Lu talked about was the one mind .31 Unfortunately, Lu has never explained the mind fully beyond saying that it is the mind of everyone, that it is the original mind, that it is equivalent to jen (humanity), and that it consists of the Four Beginnings of humanity, righteousness, propriety, and wisdom taught by Mencius. In short, he added nothing to what Mencius had taught. His importance in the history of Chinese philosophy does not lie in his philosophical originality but in the fact that he made the mind the center of a philosophical movement.