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Life and teaching of Salomon Ibn Gabirol

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Salomon Ibn Gabirol : Biography

Little is known of Gabirol's life. His parents died while he was a child. At seventeen years of age he became the friend and protégé of Jekuthiel Hassan. Upon the assassination of the latter as the result of a political conspiracy, Gabirol composed an elegy of more than 200 verses. The death of Hai Gaon also called forth a similar poem. When barely twenty Gabirol wrote "Ana?," a versified Hebrew grammar, alphabetical and acrostic, consisting of 400 verses divided into ten parts. Of this grammar, ninety-five lines have been preserved by Solomon Par?on. In these Gabirol reproaches his townsmen with their neglect of the Hebrew language.

Gabirol's residence in Saragossa was embittered by strife. He thought of leaving Spain, but remained and wandered about. He gained another friend and patron in the person of Samuel ibn Nagdela, whose praises he sang. Later an estrangement arose between them, and Nagdela became for a time the butt of Gabirol's bitterest irony. All testimonies agree that Gabirol was comparatively young at the time of his death, which followed years of wandering. The year of his death was probably 1058 or 1059.

A strange legend concerning the manner of Gabirol's death is related by Ibn Ya?ya in "Shalshelet ha-Kabbalah." In this legend, a Muslim poet, jealous of Gabirol's poetic gifts, killed him, and buried him beneath the roots of a fig tree. The tree bore fruit abundantly; and the fruit was of extraordinary sweetness. This strange circumstance excited attention; a search was instituted, the remains of the murdered Gabirol were brought to light, and the murderer expiated his crime with his life.


Salomon Ibn Gabirol : Bibliography

- Livre de la source de vie (8 janvier 1992)
- La source de vie, livre III (2000)
- Mélanges de philosophie juive et arabe (1988)
- La couronne royale (29 août 2002)

Salomon Ibn Gabirol : Links

Judaism / Hassidism, Achad Ha’am, Agur ben Jakeh, Avraham Ben Ezra, Chaim Nahman Bialik, Chaim of Valozhin, Chaim Vital, Eleazar Rokeach, Elie, Hasdai, Ibn Zabara, Immanuel Ben Shlomo, Isaac Abuhav, Isaac ben Moses Arama, Jacob Klatzkin, Jeshua ben Sirach, Jewish Proverb, Joseph Albo, Joseph Ibn Pakuda Bachya, Judah Asheri, Judah Leib Lazerov, Kad Hakemach, Leone Da Modena, Martin Buber, Menahem Hameïri, Minchat Qenaot, Mishle Yehoshua, MOCHÈ bèn Maïmone, Moshe Ben Ezra, Noah Benshea, Philo Judaeus, Philon d’Alexandrie, Rabbi Chia, Rabbi Harold Kushner, Rabbi Nathan, Rabbi Shemariah, Rabbi Shimeon Yal?u? Shim'oni, Rabbin Nachman of Bratslav, Rachi, Rebbe Menachem Schneerson, Reuven Alcalay, Safra, Salomon Ibn Gabirol, Samuel Ha-Nagid, Samuel Joseph Agnon, Shalom Aleichem, Sheqalim, Shlomo ben Aderet, Shlomo Molcho, Shlomo Rubin, Tanna Deve Eliyahu R., The Bava Kamma, The Beth Middot, The Book of Proverbs, The Chofetz Chaim, The Ecclesiastes, The Imré binah, The Ketuvim, The Kotzker Rabbi, The Ma’alat Hamiddot, The Misdrashs, The Mivchar Hapeninim, The Moré Névoukhim, The Nevi'im, The No’am Hamiddot, The Pirkei Avot, The Proverbs, The Psalm, The Sassovor Rabbi, The Sayings of the Fathers, The Talmud, The Tanchuma, The Torah, The Tosefta, The Wisdom of Salomon, The Zohar, Theodor Herzl, Yochanan Tversky, Zror Hamor, etc.